Panoramic image of the antiquities' reality in Damascus countryside and several governorates during the war

DAMASCUS, (ST)- Archaeological sites in Damascus countryside and the devastation that affected our archaeological sites, as a result of terrorism, are the two axes that Dr. Mahmoud Hammoud, Director General of Antiquities and Museums, spoke about in his lecture at the culture centre of Abu Rummana .

Hammoud said during his lecture entitled "Archaeological Excavations in Damascus Countryside," that many of our sites suffered from illegal excavations by terrorists in order to smuggle artifacts abroad in addition  to the vandalism that affected other sites by these ignorant people, pointing to the continuation of the archaeological activities of our national cadres who protect the archaeological sites and museum relics in various regions, especially the troubled ones.

The Birth of Hercules in a mosaic mural that was found in Homs

The scenario of Hercules birth was revealed in a mural dating back to the end of the second century and the beginning of the third century AD. It was discovered in 1987 in the city of "Homs" in the "al-Arbaeen neighborhood", and was transferred to the Museum of Al-Maarrah.

The ground mural is 18 feet long, 8 feet high and it weighs 2000 pounds. It is one of the prominent and most beautiful mosaic artifacts left by a Syrian artist ever. It expresses the artistic schools that the artist was influenced with during the Roman era, including impressionism and realism, in a unique symbolic way.

Hercules mosaic painting, is considered one of the most prominent mosaic works that embody the ideal classical tendency in the ancient Syrian art, through interest in realistic depictions of shapes represented by the best aesthetic values in the human form, which are drawn from the Greek heritage.

The Seven Gates of Homs

The gates of Homs are the historical gates of the ancient city of Homs. During the Roman era the city had four gates, namely Bab Al-Rastan, Bab al-Sham, Bab al-Jabal, and Bab al- Saghir.  The Abbasids reconstructed and restored the gates, adding three new ones, so they became seven.

These gates remained the center of attention of the successive states and dynasties that ruled Homs, until the Ottomans destroyed it during the nineteenth century, in line with the expansion of the city and the increase of its inhabitants, as a result, Only two gates—Bab Tadmor and Bab al-Dreib—remain today.

Czech TV: Palmyra is still admired globally, despite terrorist sabotage it suffered from

Czech television today affirmed that Palmyra, which was a link between ancient civilizations throughout its history, is still admired globally, despite the sabotage and destruction it has suffered at the hands of terrorists.

In a report on Palmyra prepared by the TV correspondent to Syria, Vaclav Chernohorsky, Czech television referred to  the darkest period in which Palmyra has lived  in its history, mainly when it was controlled by the terrorist organization ISIS which wreaked havoc and destruction there.

Atil temples in Sweida a witness to great civilization in Syria's southern region

Sweida, (ST) – Atil in an old inhabited small Syrian town located about three kilometers north of the city of al-Sweida. It is protected by its unique architectural art and its name gives it a historical importance as it means the strong well-fortified site.

The town contains several archeological sites, most remarkable of which are the two ancient temples, whose architecture structure and the floral and geometric shapes that adorn them reflect the beauty of the ancient architecture in Syria's southern region.

Atil is known of its civilized heritage that presents a story about the archeological sites and historical landmarks in Sweida. These sites, which date back to the Nabataean Age in the first century B.C., are a witness to many successive civilizations with its churches and mosques that were converted from temples in the Roman era.