Northeastern Syria and beyond, between Westphalia and Orwell

Some western states seem to be developing an Orwellian foreign policy condemned to the same failure as that of France, the UK and the US, Pablo Sapag, a Professor at Complutense University of Madrid and author of "Syria in Perspective" said in a recent article published recently by "Al-Mayadeen" website.

Since 1648 states are the most relevant and decisive actors in international relations. The Peace of Westphalia of that that year consecrated such a fundamental principle, subsequently developed in every single clause of international law. The purpose was to consolidate a steady world order. Even those rogue states that have tried to cover their dysfunctionalities in the international arena, especially after the end of the Cold War, by promoting other apparently non-state foreign policy tools, always come back to Westphalia. Some decrepit but not sclerotic former empires and other not yet fully self-assumed new ones – France, the UK and the US - have promoted in their interest aid NGOs, their “civil societies” and other pretended international actors.  However and when needed, they inevitably end up recurring to those consolidated instruments where states, but only states, are called to deal with world issues.

A self-evident example of this is the situation of northeastern Syria. After years of violating, by all means, Syria’s state sovereignty in the area, France, the UK and the US finally seem to start coming to terms with reality. They have recently admitted in the UN Security Council that any “humanitarian” aid and other not so well intentioned materials entering through the Jaroubiya border-crossing with Iraq without the approval of the Syrian state violates international law. During the last decade, the transit point has been used to destabilize Syria, sneaking into the country not just weapons, but fighters with various backgrounds and bad intentions and smuggling out Syria’s petrol, wheat, antiquities and other resources.

Indian advocate to ST: Fraternal Greetings on the successful election held !

Today, Syria Times e-newspaper received the following congratulatory message from Indian advocate Niloufer Bhagwat:

Dear Colleagues ,

 Fraternal Greetings on the successful election held ! Now the task of reconstruction which we discussed at Damascus University  will start in earnest with the guidance and direction of a courageous and wise President .

The people of Syria deserve the best ! I keep you all in my memory and the epic struggle of the Syrian people !

  Warm regards, 

   Niloufer Bhagwat



New media and its effects On Syrian children

Prepared by: Dr. Monzer Ali Ahmad 



   New media technology and its applications has caused various effect and day by day it becomes larger and vaster, its effect is not only restricted on adult people, but it also exceeded this scale to reach to the little children belongs to different generation, in this study we will focus on new media and its different application that takes place by internet like online network video games like the famous game Counter-strike and Grand Theft Auto, GTA, Vice City, which are very popular among the Syrian children, and we will see how these games affected the children, who are the most sensitive elements in society, playing games and having mobile phones for long hours without making any physical affects will make children dull and inactive, and also the children's education will be affected too.

The Syrian Electronic Army (SEA) the Virtual Army in Cyberspace, Hacking as a Weapon

Written by Dr. Monzer Ali Ahmad


With the growing dependence on the Internet and its new applications, we can see that, in parallel with the wars that are taking place in the real squares, there is other wars that take place behind computer screens in the virtual world, which are not less importance and dangerous, in their results than traditional ones. The heroes of these wars are a group of professional programmers, some people may consider them good heroes and others see them as bad one. Ethical Hacking and Bad Hackers works in much the same way and even use identical skills to perform the hacking. Good hackers are also called white hats or security hackers, and bad hackers are called crackers or black hats.

This is also the case of the Syrian electronic army members, as some people see them as good and some others classify them as bad and dangerous.

In any case, far away from the controversial concept of good and evil, we can say that the members of the electronic army have succeeded in making serious crack in the brain and the way of thinking of the western society people, who were victims of traditional media coverage for many years.

The road to Damascus persuades the guardian to see by her own eyes that she erred

What was published in the Guardian 7 may 2021 should be read by the UN security council members now engaged in a fist fight to formulate a declaration.

The declaration to be real and factual should not stop on what happened during the last days of the Holy month of Ramadan. 

It should take into consideration what happened some 100 years ago when the council of the league of nations approved the mandate for Palestine in which the Balfour declaration assigned a place for " people to be imported" to take the place of those who are in Palestine.