Ebla, Tell Mardikh, Memory of the Orient

Introduction: Ebla was an ancient city located in North Syria situated on the site of Tell Mardikh, 55 km South of Aleppo.

First excavated in 1964, the ruins of the city were discovered in 1973 by Prof. Paolo Matiae, head of an Italian archaeological expedition from the University of Rome. Most importantly, nearly 20,000 cuneiform tablets (perhaps the most remarkable 'find' of the century have been uncovered) dated from around 2250 BC were discovered (1975) in the palace archives.

Dead Cities of Syria

The environs west and southwest of Aleppo in northern Syria are home to the "Dead Cities" abandoned ruins of some 700 Byzantine towns, villages and monastic settlements. These ruins are among the greatest treasuries of Byzantine architecture to be found anywhere in the ancient world.

Deserted and desolate today, the region of the Dead Cities once supported an immense and prosperous population, for it was rich in olive groves and was the hinterland of the great Christian city of Antioch.

Religious Monuments

The Rule of the Umayyad dynasty lasted less than one hundred years of time 661-750AD, during which the capital of the Islamic empire moved from alMadina, in the Arabian Peninsula to Damascus, an event had its influence on civilization, arts, architecture and on Arab and Islamic social and economical life. If we stand in front of some of the monuments and buildings built in that era, like the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, and the Grand Mosque of Aleppo, Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem and the Umayyad palaces in the Syrian Desert and recognize their general appearance, beautiful architectural elements and their ornamentations, we will find ourselves in front of a special style in terms of planning, symmetry, sculpture and themes expressed in decorations.

Tour in Prof. Fawaz Azki's Geological Museum

"If I don’t add something to this universe, so I am something additional in it. Astronomy has taught me that Earth is the most beautiful planet and geology has taught me that Syria is the most beautiful map”, Dr. Eng Fawaz Azki, a professor at the faculty of science, Geology Department, told the Syriatimes e-newspaper in a recent visit to his geological museum.

Prof. Azky's geological museum, the only one of its kind in Syria and the first museum of geology established in the Middle East, is part of the cultural, educational and scientific heritage of Syria and of the entire world. It is located in Lattakia's Kismin village which enjoys spectacular beautiful landscape, rich diverse nature and a particular scientific significance derived from its geological, morphologic and paleontological  characteristics.

Urkesh

Kingdom of “Tall Mozan”

What does it mean to "discover" an ancient city? "Our" city was, in fact, well known already, and yet unrecognized. Three aspects of the puzzle were well known: a large hill, by the modern name of Tell Mozan; a city of myth, called Urkesh in antiquity, where the ancestral god of the Hurrian pantheon resided; and the capital of the only known Hurrian kingdom of the third millennium, also called Urkesh.

The peculiar chemistry of our discovery was that we linked the three elements. We were able, through our excavations, to prove that they all matched.